Physics of Fluids A -- January 1991 -- Volume 3, Issue 1,
pp. 188-200

### Simulation of the Kolmogorov inertial subrange using an improved subgrid model

- Jeffrey R. Chasnov
*NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York, New York 10025*

(Received 12 June 1990; accepted 13
September 1990)

A subgrid model is developed and applied to a large-eddy simulation of the Kolmogorov inertial subrange. Currently popular
subgrid models are derived from models of the turbulent energy equation, resulting in a significant loss of information as a
consequence of the statistical averaging performed in going from the Navier-Stokes equation to the energy equation. The
subgrid model developed here is based directly on a model of the Navier-Stokes equation. The improved subgrid model contains
two terms: an eddy viscosity and a stochastic force. These terms are computed from the EDQNM stochastic model representation
of the momentum equation, and from a fully resolved direct numerical simulation. Use of the subgrid model in a forced
large-eddy simuation results in an energy spectrum that exhibits a clear k^{ -5/3} power-law subrange with an
approximate value Ko=2.1 of the Kolmogorov constant.

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